Online ISSN 2313-1519
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Abstract - Possibilities of ligation of Internal iliac artery in massive obstetric hemorrhage
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Almaz Makenjan uulu

The aim of our research to study opportunities and effectiveness of the internal iliac artery ligation in the management of severe obstetric hemorrhage in the conditions of emergency obstetric care.
Methods. We analyzed 328 cases of emergency treatment of severe obstetric hemorrhage in the various levels of health facilities of the Kyrgyz Republic from January 2004 to December 2013. The control group comprised 149 cases of obstetric hemorrhage, which was produced by a hysterectomy as the primary surgical method to stop bleeding (traditional method). The main group - comprised 179 cases of hysterectomy combined with ligation of the internal iliac arteries. According to the methods used study was
divided into 2 subgroups. Subgroup 1A 68 cases where hysterectomy as a method of haemostasis was ineffective and subsequently ligation of internal iliac arteries was used to achieve definite haemostasis. Subgroup 1B 111 cases in which initially ligation of internal iliac arteries was used to stop haemorrhage and then a hysterectomy was used for medical reasons.
Results. The use of ligation of internal iliac arteries reduce the amount of intraoperative blood loss and improves the final outcome of an emergency situation. In the main group there was no patient mortality. In the control group mortality was 34.2% of all cases. The cause of death is mainly due to uncontrolled bleeding and the development of multiple organ system failure.
Conclusion. Timely internal iliac artery ligation is an effective method to combat the massive blood loss, and reduces the amount of additional blood loss.

Volume 4, Number 34 (2014)