Online ISSN 2313-1519
Print    ISSN 1812-2892
Abstract - Microbiological intestinal indicators of children at first year
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Nelya Bissenova, Natalya Mitus, Elmira Tuleubayeva, Aigerim Yergaliyeva

The aim of this study. The analysis of microbiological parameters intestine in children in the first year of life.
Materials and methods. During 2012 and 2014 conducted prospective bacteriological examination of the large intestine 318 children in the first year of life. Primary inoculation of clinical material was performed quantitative method to culture media in accordance with the regulations. The identification of isolates was performed by microbiological analyzer Vitek 2 (bioMerieux).
Results. During from 2012 to 2014 bacteriological examination for intestinal dysbiosis characterized by a decrease the number of obligate microflora. Escherichia coli with normal enzymatic activity normally have been allocated 60.6% of the surveyed children, bifidobacteria were detected at 59.4%, only 24.8% of infants were identified in normal lactobacilli. As a consequence, there was an increased colonization of pathogenic staphylococci (47.4%), opportunistic enterobacteria (27.3%) in particular bacteria of the
genus Enterobacter, Klebsiella, yeast fungi of the genus Candida (12.5%).
Conclusions. Intestinal microflora of infants is characterized by a decrease in the number of lactobacilli, bifidobacteria and E.coli with normal enzymatic activity. As part of intestinal microbiota of children surveyed increased the number of opportunistic enterobacteria, Candida and E.coli with reduced enzymatic activity.

Volume 4, Number 38 (2015)