Online ISSN 2313-1519
Print    ISSN 1812-2892
Abstract - Neuro-cognition in patients of Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Syndrome
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Rayees Ahmad Bhat, Masood Tanvir, Musharaf Bashir

ABSTRACT

Background: Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Hypoapnoea Syndrome (OSAHS) is known to be associated with impairment in neuro-cognitive functions. This impairment in cognition is associated with daytime sleepiness that results in occupational deficits and an increased risk of automobile accidents.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to assess Neuro-cognition in patients of Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Hypoapnoea Syndrome (OSAHS) 

Material and methods: Our study was an observational cross-sectional study. Eligible patients (n=205) undergoing polysomnography were categorized into Snoring (n=105), Mild OSA (n=70), Moderate OSA (n=17) and Severe OSA (n=13) groups, based on Apnoea Hypoapnoea Index (AHI). The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) Questionnaires were administered to assess their cognitive functions and the correlation between Questionnaire scores and severity of OSAS was determined.

Results: MMSE Questionnaire detected overall cognitive impairment in 22% of OSA patients while as MoCA Questionnaire detected overall cognitive impairment in 33% of the same OSA patients. The frequency of mild neurocognitive impairment as detected by MMSE Questionnaire increased progressively as the severity of OSA increased from Snoring(6.7%) to Mild OSA(17.1%), Moderate OSA(29.4%) and severe OSA(38.4%). MoCA Questionnaire demonstrated the same pattern except that it was more sensitive. It detected cognitive impairment of 12.4% in Snoring group, 27.1% in Mild OSA group, 41.2% in Moderate OSA group and 53.9% in Severe OSA group.

Conclusion: Neurocognitive impairment is common in patients with OSAHS. The MoCA is a more sensitive tool than MMSE for the assessment of mild cognitive impairment in OSAHS patients, whose performance on the MMSE is in the normal range.

Key words: MMSE, MoCA, AHI, OSA, OSAHS

 

Corresponding Author: Musharaf Bashir, Demonstrator, Department of Physiology, GMC & SMHS hospital, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India. Tel.: +917042272380.

Email: dr.musharaf.mb@gmail.com

 

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Volume 1, Number 51 (2019)