Online ISSN 2313-1519
Print    ISSN 1812-2892
Abstract - Current Approaches to the Implementation of Donor Programs in Transplantation
Altyn Aringazina, Manat Kurmanguzhina

Development of transplantation is one of the strategic priorities for the medical industry in the country, but the main obstacle to its development is the shortage of organ donors. The figures of international “waiting lists” are growing steadily and not amenable to control. In Kazakhstan the existing disbalance between the necessity in transplantological services and possibility to use has already achieved the critical level. Practiced lifetime donation is not a solution to this problem for a number of reasons such as: frequent lack of histocompatibility between potential donor and recipient, the donor identification contraindications to surgery, insecurity of the donor in the event of a threat to health, unsuitability of this type of transplantation for transplant individual unpaired organs (heart, lungs, and complex "heart-lung"). In such circumstances to use postmortem donor is a forced measure, which explains public policy adopted in this respect. The limited number of organ donors is the main problem of the countries where transplantation is at the stage of development; along with the level of transplantological issues is closely connected to strength of healthcare system.

Volume 2, Number 32 (2014)