Online ISSN 2313-1519
Print    ISSN 1812-2892
Abstract - Assessment of nutritional status of pregnant women living in Аstana
Indira Smagulova, Toregeldi Sharmanov

The  aim: To evaluate the nutritional value of food kits for pregnant women in Astana.

Methods: The sample included 80 of pregnant women aged from 19 to 30 years, the median age is 23 years. Among those interviewed were women, most in the II trimester of pregnancy is - 60.4%, the proportion of women in the III trimester of pregnancy is 39.6%. Studied were followed up in female consultation of Astana. The study of actual nutrition of pregnant women was conducted a questionnaire-polling method, developed at JSC "Kazakh Academy of Nutrition". The method 24-hour food recall (in the last day) was conducted through a survey of pregnant women, reproducing from memory that studied used the food the day before during the previous 24 hours (from the time of awakening until bedtime, making sure from memory that they included snacks and drinks, not even water).

Results: This research was revealed an insufficient number of dietary fiber in the diet of pregnant women - about 42.3% of the normal as recommended Kazakh Academy of  Nutrition. The main reason for this fact is insufficient consumption of fruits and vegetables that contain dietary known fibers in large quantities. Chemical analysis of the nutrition of pregnant women also showed a deficit and other important indicators: the content from the normal calcium is - 53% for iron - 47.3%, and zinc - 70.9%, folate - 42.1%, riboflavin - 79.2%. Conducted a survey showed that during the third trimester ingestion performed 4-6 times a day 76% of the women surveyed. 38% of women food load is evenly distributed and the intervals between meals were cut for comparison: at the beginning of pregnancy on this principle were fed 25% of women.

Conclusions: The average consumption of foods selected for the study group of pregnant women did not match recommended requirements. The food and energy value of food rations did not comply with nutrition on the principles of usefulness, balance, diversity. Outlined above will serve as a justification of the results of research activities aimed at improving the effectiveness of prevention of micronutrient deficiency.

Volume 2, Number 32 (2014)