Online ISSN 2313-1519
Print    ISSN 1812-2892
Abstract - Assessment of oral and general health status in older adults
[PDF]           
Hilal Eksi Ozsoy, Sevda Atalay, Aysen Nekora Azak

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The World Health Organization defines people aged 65 and over as “older adults”. With the development of preventive and curative services and the decrease in fertility and mortality rates, the world population, especially in developed countries, is rapidly aging. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the oral-dental health profile and variables such as some socio-demographic characteristics and habits of oral health in older adults.

Material and methods: A questionnaire was used to record socio-demographic characteristics and habits of oral health, and a special examination form was used to evaluate oral health. In total, 422 patients were divided into three groups of ages 65–74, 75–84 and 85+. The SPSS 22.0 version was used for the analysis of data.

Results: If demographic information of groups are compared, gender and educational status are not statistically significant, but marital status is statistically significant. No statistically significant difference was found between the groups in terms of nutritional content and nutritional limitation. When the questions about oral health were evaluated, a statistically significant difference was found between the groups regarding the status of removable prostheses.

Conclusion: Data related to the socio-demographic characteristics, oral health habits and general/oral health status constitute an important resource for dentists and health managers. However, further research is needed to improve the quality of life of the older adult population. The increase of such resources will be beneficial in many areas related to individual oral health care and public health management in older adults.

Key words: oral health, general health, older adults

Corresponding author: Dr. Hilal Eksi Ozsoy, School of Dentistry, Beykent University, Cumhuriyet Street, Istanbul, TR 34550, Turkey. E-mail: hilaleksi@gmail.com

References

1. WHO Expert Committee Health of elderly. Geneva World Health Organization. 1989. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/39521,

2. TurkStat Elderly Statistics. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2018. htpp:// www.tuik.gov.tr/UstMenu.do?metod=temelist,

3. Guler N, Guler Z, Ozsel D. Ageing in The Rural Area: Quality Of Life And Associated Factors in Sivas/Turkey. Turkish Journal of Geriatrics. 2016; 19(4):245-252.

4. Mandiracioglu A. Demographic characteristics of the elderly population in Turkey and the world. Ege Journal of Medicine. 2010; 49(3):39-45.

5. Yardimci H, Ozcelik AO, Surucuoglu MS. The status of hypertension of elderly people and their nutritional habits. Ankara Journal of Medicine. 2012; 1(2):17-36.

6. Hymen DJ, Pavlik VN. Characteristics of patients with uncontrolled hypertension in the United States. N Engl J Med. 2001; 345:479-86. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa010273

7. Kashyap M.L. Cardiovascular Disease in the Elderly: Current Considerations. Am J Cardiol. 1989; 63:3-4. https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9149(89)90107-08. Bilgener E., Ozcelikay G. Rational drug use in geriatric woman. Turkish Journal of Clinics. 2019; 1:62-8.

9. Assmann G., H. Schulte. The Prospective Cardiovascular Münster (PROCAM) study: Prevalence of hyperlipidemia in persons with hypertension and/or diabetes mellitus and the relationship to coronary heart disease. Am. Heart J. 1988; 116(6):1713-1724. https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-8703(88)90220-710. Kitamura W, Kiyak A.H., Muiligan K. Predictors of root caries in the elderly. Geriodontics Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1986; 14:34-8. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0528.1986.tb01491.x

11. Projects S. and Society A.G. The Management of Persistent Pain in Older Persons AGS Panel on Persistent Pain in Older Persons. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2002; 50:205-224. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1532-5415.50.6s.1.x12. Gokalp P. S, Bahar P, Dogan G, Tekcicek D. M. The Oral Health Profile of Adults and Elderly, Turkey-2004. Hacettepe Journal of Medicine. 2007; 31(4):11-18.

13. Eren G, Kose T., Atilla G. Determining the oral health status and oral hygiene habits of the elderly. Samsun Journal of Medicine. 2011; 20:84-94.

14. Colleen J.M., John P.H. The Prevelans of Smoking and İmplications for Quality of Life Among the Community-Based Elderly. Am J Pre. Med. 1996; 9(3): 338-345. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0749-3797(18)30685-8

Volume 3, Number 57 (2020)