Online ISSN 2313-1519
Print    ISSN 1812-2892
Abstract - Correlation of arterial stiffness parameters with indicators of carotid atherosclerosis in patients with Metabolic Syndrome
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Saule Urazalina, Aisulu Mussagaliyeva, Guzеl Ussayeva, Amina Rakhisheva

 

ABSTRACT

Background: Many studies have shown that metabolic syndrome is accompanied by an increase in arterial stiffness. In connection therewith, early detection of an increase in arterial stiffness in patients with metabolic syndrome can help to prevent cardiovascular complications.

Aim: To determine the relationship between arterial stiffness parameters such as cfPWV and CAVI with carotid atherosclerosis indicators (intima-media thickness, carotid plaque presence) in patients with metabolic syndrome.

Material and methods: The study included 100 patients at the age of 40-70 years: 45 men and 55 women (56.54±8.98 years). Subjects were divided into 2 groups: 1st - 42 patients with metabolic syndrome; 2nd - 58 patients without metabolic syndrome. The arterial stiffness parameters such as CAVI and cfPWV were calculated. In the analysis we used threshold values recommended by manufacturers and European expert consensus document on arterial stiffness: for CAVI – <8, for cfPWV – ≤10 m/c). Duplex scanning carotid arteries was performed to evaluate the “intima-media thickness” and carotid plaque presence.

Results: In the group with metabolic syndrome the CAVI is significantly associated with the indicators of carotid atherosclerosis: intima-media thickness (OR=4.94 95%; CI: 1.49-3.80; p=0.047), carotid plaque presence (OR=3.06; 95% CI: 1.42-2.28; p=0.065). But statistically significant associations of cfPWV with indicators of carotid atherosclerosis were not obtained (p>0.05). In the group without metabolic syndrome none of the arterial stiffness parameters (CAVI, cfPWV) statistically significantly correlated with any of the carotid atherosclerosis indicators (p>0.05).

Conclusion: The CAVI parameter, in contrast to the cfPWV, statistically significantly correlated with indicators of carotid atherosclerosis in patients with metabolic syndrome. In this connection, this parameter can be used to identify signs of not only increased arterial stiffness but also to determine subclinical signs of carotid atherosclerosis in patients with metabolic syndrome.

Key words: metabolic syndrome, arterial stiffness, CAVI, carotid atherosclerosis

Corresponding Author: Urazalina Saule Jaksylykovna, Department of Cardiology, Scientific-Research Institute of Cardiology and Internal diseases. Address: ap. 70, Lugansky street 1, 050001 Almaty city, Republic of Kazakhstan. Tel.: +7 777 244 6090. E-mail: surazalina@mail.ru

 

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Volume 3, Number 57 (2020)