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Abstract - Evaluation of the effectiveness of ice pack therapy on pain after extraction of mandibular third molar
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Ahmet Taylan Çebi, Metin Berk Kasapoğlu

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of ice pack therapy on pain after mandibular third molar extraction.

Material and methods: Thirty patients who required extraction of mandibular third molars and satisfied the inclusion criteria were included in the study. Bilateral full erupted mandibular third molars were extracted under local anesthesia. Routine medication and ice pack therapy (directly over the masseteric region of the surgery region for 12 hours, intermittently for 20 minutes) were performed after one side mandibular third molar extraction and only routine medication was applied after other side mandibular third molar extraction. The pain was evaluated with Visual Analog Scale. The Student t-test was applied to compare pain levels between groups.

Results: The study was carried out in 30 patients, 15 female and 15 male with a mean age of 21.53±2.22 years. There was a statistically significant difference in the evaluation of VAS levels in postoperative 4, 6, 8, 12, 24 hours between the groups. Pain levels of female were found to be higher than male at 2nd, 4th, 6th and 24th hours in the non-ice pack therapy group and found to be higher than male at 4th, 6th and 8th hours in the ice pack therapy group.

Conclusion: Pain levels after mandibular third molar extraction were significantly lower who had an ice pack therapy. Ice pack therapy is a viable alternative mode of improving the quality of life of patients after the extraction of third molars.

Key words: third molar, tooth extraction, cryotherapy, cold therapy, pain

Corresponding author: Ahmet Taylan Cebi. E-mail: ahmettaylancebi@karabuk.edu.tr;

ORCID: 0000-0001-9083-7215

 

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Volume 5, Number 59 (2020)